BACKGROUND: Betula pendula is widespread in Europe and Asia. The bark is black-brown to gray in young trees. or hybrids of both species.The leaves for medicinal use are obtained either from trees that have been cultivated or found in the wild. times, Need more criteria? The skeletonizer larva is yellowish-green and one quarter-inch long. Each individual kitten can develop hundreds of airworthy seeds, which the autumn wind carries over considerable distances. The serrated foliage emerges dark purple/red in spring, then slowly turns purple/dark green throughout the summer and finally bronze/purple tones appear in autumn. Birch leaf miner is a common insect pest of birch. The European white birch is widespread in Europe and beyond. Because the birch sprouts early, it is used in many countries for spring rituals. On the other hand it is used especially as plywood. Epub 2011 May 17. RHS Garden Hyde Hall Spring and Orchid Show, Free entry to RHS members at selected The juice of the birch is drinkable and tastes a bit sweet. Golden Beauty is more resistant to sun scorch than some of the other golden birches (particularly Golden Cloud). The Tree is a deciduous tree, it will be 5 - 25 m (16 - 82 ft) high. Bark white, becoming black and rugged at base. Bark on twigs without methyl salicylate. The silver birch typically reaches 15 to 25 m (49 to 82 ft) tall (exceptionally up to 31 m (102 ft)), with a slender trunk usually under 40 cm (16 in) diameter. The purple leaves have a bronze tint and are accompanied by brown catkins in spring and summer. Purple Leaf Birch ( Betula pendula ‘Purpurea’ ) is a purple leaved variety of the ever popular Silver Birch, the leaves can vary in colour in their depth of purple at different times of the year, the colour is more like a deep burgundy.The species is native to parts of Britain, Europe and Asia in the cold and temperate regions. Moxa is made from the yellow fungous excrescences of the wood, which sometimes swell out of the fissures. Betula pendula 'Dark Prince' is a weeping Birch with rich, dark purple foliage that works as a lovely contrast to the whitening bark. Betula pendula 'Alba' is a weeping deciduous tree with a beautiful white trunk, pendulous branches and silvery green foliage. Betula pendula is well adapted to cold climates and is more abundant in the boreal zone, where it can be the dominant forest species. J Ethnopharmacol. They flower when coming into leaf in the spring. suppliers. This graceful deciduous broadleaf tree lives for up to 80 or exceptionally 100 years, growing to a height of 30 metres (although usually it attains little more than half that size). Silver birch is a popular garden tree and often hybridises with our other native birch, the downy birch, Betula pubescens, which is more common in Scotland. Even ladders, tables, chairs or wooden shoes are made from the wood of Silver birch. A rust and a leaf spot may be a problem. The European birch is susceptible to a few diseases: canker disease, dieback and Marssonina leaf spot. These have an upright habit and are sometimes multiple-stemmed. In each and every form, the herb acts as an excellent tonic and a detoxifier. These plants will have a lot more details displayed including an image. Specific leaf area (SLA, cm2 g-1) in short shoot leaves of Betula pendula clones 4 and 80, averaged over each growing season±SD; (b, c) mean stomatal density (cm−2)±SD in clones 4 (b) and 80 (c). The buds of Silver birch are up to four millimeters long and are brownish to glossy green. At this time, the birch has already begun with the pressure build-up for the upcoming leaf ejection. The male flowers form already in the fall of the previous year and overwinter, before they open in the coming spring. Spring and summer sees Betula pendula ‘Dalecarlica’ … Phylum: Magnoliophyta - Class: Magnoliopsida - Order: Sapindales - Family: Betulaceae. B. pendula leaf is a common ingredient in traditional herbal combinations for treatment of diabetes in southeastern Europe. It is hardy to zone (UK) 2. W Eurasia, All ratings refer to the UK growing conditions unless otherwise stated. As is the case with paper birch (B. papyrifera), this tree is noted for its white bark, which exfoliates in papery strips. To get to the birch sap, a branch is sawn off and the escaping juice is collected with a container (bucket). Mon – Fri | 9am – 5pm, Join the RHS today and support our charity. During the late summer, the female kitten turns into an intense brown color. Between March and the beginning of May, the flowering of Silver birch begins. “ Birch” means : “ a tree whose bark is used for writing on”. In autumn the leaves turn a brilliant yellow. The leaves are ovoid and the flowers are yellow. The twigs are red brown and have warty lenticels. Its leaves change from green to gold in autumn which makes it a lovely tree for year-round interest. The Cut Leaf Birch makes a striking landscape specimen. QUANTIFIED REFERENCE EXTRACTS (QRE) ... Betula pendula … From the bleeding juice of the birch hair is made. Our Botanical team are working hard to increase the number of plants with detailed information. Background: Betula pendula is widespread in Europe and Asia. Authentified by macroscopic and microscopic examination, HP-TLC and HPLC fingerprint. Betula alba, Family B. pendula is an elegant medium-sized deciduous tree with slender drooping twigs. An aqueous birch leaf extract of Betula pendula inhibits the growth and cell division of inflammatory lymphocytes. Betula can be deciduous trees or shrubs, usually colouring well in autumn and often with striking white, pink, or peeling brown bark; separate male and female catkins open before or with the leaves in spring, Details Virtually all of the features of the old searches are still available and in addition we have added several new features to create a more comprehensive and user friendly search experience. It thrives in dry woodlands, downs and heaths. 1. Hillocks, soil compaction and variable water levels have a negative influence on the health of this birch. Golden brown on twigs and young branches, the bark matures to silvery white with black clefts. Betula pendula dalecarlica . The species is monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and is pollinated by Wind. Leaves ovate, yellow in autumn. In spring, bright-green leaves emerge, contrasting strongly with the pale colour of the bark on the limbs of the trees. The bark remains smooth until the tree gets quite large, but in older trees, the bark thickens, becoming irregular, dark, and rugged… Samples of plants or plant parts (leaf, root, rhizome, fruit, flower, ...) certified by BOTANICERT. Bark white, becoming black and rugged at base. Antioxidant activity has also been reported. Below the bark of Silver birch is the white to yellowish-white wood. Diploid (2n = 28). It is an excellent pioneer plant as it provides very little demands on the soil. Minimum temperature ranges (in degrees C) are shown in brackets, Aspect North-facing or South-facing or West-facing or East-facing, MoistureMoist but well-drained, Well-drained, Ultimate height The fruits of the Silver birch ripen from August to September. The autumn colour is strikingly yellow, 'Youngii' rarely flowers. It is noted for attracting wildlife. Betulaceae, Genus Low Maintenance Betula pendula is characterized by acute-angled branches and overhanging branches. Flowers in catkins, Plant range Birch water occurs in spring won the sprouting of the leaves. The leaf margin is serrated. It is in flower in April, and the seeds ripen from July to August. Native to almost entire Europe, where it is used as an important timber producer. A small white worm eats out the middle of the leaf, which turns brown. As a timber birch wood is rather unsuitable. © Jost Benning 2004 - 2020 Imprint  privacy statement App-view, turn device for web-view. We aim to enrich everyone’s life through plants, and make the UK a greener and more beautiful place. japonica 'Whitespire', Betula 'Penci-2' - Royal Frost ™, Betula utilis var. The unusual feathery foliage is light green in spring and summer. Higher than 12 metres, Ultimate spread The Royal Horticultural Society is the UK’s leading gardening charity. In nature specimen of 30 m high can be found. It has been used in traditional medicine since ancient times. Sourced by expert botanists worldwide. Birch wood is difficult to split, elastic and shrinks strongly. A number of cultivars are available, including types that are cutleaf, weeping or have yellowish or purplish foliage. Female catkins pendulous. The male kittens are of yellowish color. If you select any attributes with or without a plant name, you will see a much narrower selection of results taken only from the old RHS Plant Selector database. Smooth in young trees, the bark gets rugged at the base in older trees. Betula pendula - Silver Birch. the RHS today and get 12 months for the price of 9, Other common names Will grow in a wide range of situations. Finland has the highest quality birchwood stocks. The thin-skinned nutlets are about three millimeters long. Birch skeletonizer feeding causes leaf browning. The trees were treated by inoculating 10 leaves on a shoot with Melampsoridium betulinum urediniospore suspension or spraying the control leaves with water. The trees have a long, continuous trunk and a loose crown. At about ten years, free-standing trees are sexually mature. Betula pendula is a deciduous Tree growing to 20 m (65ft) by 10 m (32ft) at a fast rate. It has nectar/pollen rich flowers, provides shelter and habitat, is used for nesting materials, makes a good wildlife hedge, has seeds for birds and is a caterpilar food plant. silver birch bed wen, birk tree common birch European white birch lady birch lady of the woods warty birch weeping birch, Synonyms in rare cases the trees reach a height of 30 meters. Betula pendula 'Pupurea', more commonly known as Purple Birch, has dark purple foliage that contrasts beautifully with the silvery white bark, making this an ideal feature tree. The tree likes Sun to half-shade at the location and the soil should be sandy to loamy, dry - moist. 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